By Niño Manaog
Burias, Mambusao, Capiz—It was skills transfer at its best.
May 19–20, 2014,
Dr. Emelita Solante, director of the Extension Institute of the
(CapSU) and training-in-charge of CapSU’s Mushroom Production project shared
her expertise to four participants from the Capiz
of Asia (SDCA) at the Mushroom Training Center (MTC) here. St.
For two days, Solante taught mushroom culture to Dr. Nilda Balsicas, vice-president for academic affairs and research; Dr. Zenaida Sadiwa, community development officer; Mr. Gydion Nicolie Batuigas, OIC-program chair for nursing; and Mr. Nelson Capagngan, farm manager, all of SDCA.
According to Solante, the participants benefited much owing to their interest and enthusiasm to learn.
After lecturing on the basic concepts involved in mushroom culture, Solante taught the participants hands-on on the different stages involved in oyster mushroom production.
First, they were taught the preparation of pure mushroom culture which includes the preparation of pure culture media; preparation of grain spawn or mother spawn; and preparation of fruiting bags which covers the mixing of substrates, composting, bagging, pasteurization, inoculation and incubation.
Nelson Capagngan (left) and Gydion Nicolie Batuigas (right) sift the sawdust which will be used as substrate for the fruiting bags of the mushrooms.
According to Solante, pasteurization kills harmful microorganisms, which usually takes six hours; inoculation allows the grain spawn to be added to the pasteurized fruiting bag. Incubation, also called spawn run, then, allows the substrate to be “colonized” by the micro-organism, which usually takes not less than 45 days.
Solante also taught them on mushroom growing practices. Among other practices, Solante stressed that the mushroom grower should practice cleanliness in each of the processes involved. From the preparation of the culture media where the mushrooms will be grown up to the fruiting stage, the grower must see to it that the entire growing area is free of possible contaminants.
|As part of preparing the culture media for mushrooms, Dr. Emelita Solante (left) guides Dr. Nilda Balsicas (right) in putting the cotton plugs on the bottles containing the potato dextrose agar (PDA) for sterilization.|
She also advised them to observe sanitary practices in order to ward off mushroom flies which infest mushrooms during fruiting stage.
At the end of the training, each of the four participants was required to produce three fruiting bags which will be ready for fruiting after two months. They were also awarded certificates.
The training drew favorable responses. For one, Dr. Balsicas noted the nitty-gritty of the processes involved in mushroom production, citing how trial and error in their hands-on activities made them learn it best. For her part, Dr. Sadiwa found the inoculation procedure to be very meticulous even as she recognized its importance in the production.
The officials said that in the coming months, SDCA will seek to replicate the technology in their own school. They added that they are also willing to transfer the skills to their own constituents in
For trainings and reservations, interested parties can contact Dr. Emelita Solante, MTS training-in-charge, at 0917-726-5682.